作者:by I-fan Lin 337

出處:Taiwan: Organic farming in Taiwan


In Taiwan, more and more farmers adopt organic farming methods, from rice to vegetables, from fruits to roses, and from tea to coffee. These farmers use blogs to support each other and sell their products.

“Organic” is not as easy as it looks. One farmer told the story of their organic rose farm:


First, we left the land fallow for more than three years. When we plant the roses, we cannot use any pesticide or chemical fertilizer. We need to fertilize the soil with natural ingredients…(we) need to make hot pepper water regularly and use it to expel the “guests” (spiders and caterpillars)…Because no pesticide is used, (we) need to use sickle to cut the weeds one stem after another. It takes labor and time to earn a space for these roses to grow.

If the rose farmers give up these efforts,


there will be throngs of aphids, caterpillars, spiders, and etc. They will have their supper on roses happily. There will be troupes of weeds submerging the precious rose farm. The leaves of roses will be occupied inevitably by powdery mildew and melanose.

Photo courtesy of justeating

There are many other organic farming methods. For example, growing rice with ducks. One of the farmers adopting this method explained:


The workload of a duck is limited. For a farm as large as 0.1 hectare, the farmers need 20 ducks to get rid of weeds and pests efficiently…Seven days after transplanting rice seedlings, we need to buy just-hatching ducks from Yilan County. After raising the ducks for ten days, we put them in the farms and let them familiarize themselves with the environment. When ducks “work,” their schedule is based on their habits: walking and eating in the farm during the daytime and going back after dark. About 80 days after transplanting rice seedlings, when the ear of rice is growing, we bring the ducks back to the pond and raise them there. The ducks are forced to retire and cannot work in the farm anymore.

Although the material rewards may not pay for the farmers’ efforts, they try to keep their spirits high. Green-Mom talked about the snails in their farms,

越乾淨的土地 , 就有越多的蝸牛 ~說到蝸牛 ~ 真的讓人恨的牙癢癢 , 前一天才種下的菜苗 , 隔天早上通通不見蹤影 …媽媽拿著手電筒道菜園查看 ~終於找到兇手 ~ 就是他 …..蝸牛

記得 ~ 以前只要下雨天 , 姐弟就會拿著籃子撿蝸牛去 ~ 回來一陣敲敲打打 ~ 再用木頭灰燼又搓又洗 ~ 晚餐就有炒蝸牛可吃。現在要吃炒野生蝸牛少之又少 , 如果有也貴的嚇人。乾脆通通抓起來 , 養他一陣子就有炒蝸牛可以吃。嗯 ! 這主意好像還不錯 ~

The healthier a land is, more snails there are. Talking about snails, they are so hatable. The vegetable seedlings planted today disappear tomorrow…Mom checked the farm with a flashlight in the evening, and she found the murderer—it is him, the snail.

I remember that several years ago, my brother and I would bring a basket to the farm to pick up snails in rainy days. After knocking and washing them with wood ashes, we would have fried snails as dinner. It is hard to find fried wild-caught snails nowadays. If you find one, it is very expensive. I propose that we pick these snails up and raise them for a few days, and then we will have fried snails. Hmmm, I think this is a good idea.

Another farmer talked about voles in their sweet potato farm with humor,


We are afraid that these voles are too audacious to eat the sweet potatoes before harvest. When it is allowed to invite our friends to the sweet potato farm, I pledge you to join the “catching-voles” game and bring these fat voles to justice.

There is always a story behind an organic farm. In 1999, there was an earthquake in Taiwan, measured 7.3 on the Richter scale. Many people in ChungLiao, one of the devastated areas due to the earthquake, have been working together to revive the community. They set up “Befarmer” in 2003, which provides organic fruits.

Due to the same earthquake, FriendshipCITW started to work with aboriginal people in Taichung Daan River (L’liung penux in Atayal) area to set up a co-op kitchen and sell organic agriculture products.

Many organic farmers in Taiwan have difficulty to sell their products. Some of them hold a market and sell their products together. They also hold lectures for learning together. Hopemarket is one of these organizations, in which there is a special connection between the farmers and their consumers. youngsing said,


The consumers we meet in the Hopemarket call us to cheer us up frequently…I hope the interaction between consumers and us is not only buying and selling. I hope the consumers can eat the food we prepare cordially. Furthermore, I hope that we can share the process of preparation with them and they can share their comments with us after eating. This is what we want most.

When choosing organic farming methods, some farmers focus on preserving native species and creating values for these native species. For example, the native guava, which has very rich flavor but is small and not sweet enough for nowadays consumers. Although the native guava is not popular on fresh-fruit market, with some imagination, it was found to be an important ingredient for making charming desserts.

Photo courtesy of justeating

Sometimes, growing these native species needs not only imagination but also experience. For example, a farmer claimed that finding the winter bamboo shoots in his mountains is as difficult as finding truffe in France. The difference is, French people use pigs to find the truffe, and Taiwanese farmers find the winter bamboo shoots by their own experience. One experienced farmer said,


It is not easy for a naive person to find the winter bamboo shoots…These Moso bamboos do not grow together. The interval between them is large. Their underground stems grow irregularly. Sometimes the shoots appear in some place far away from their mother. If we do not have enough water in this season, we will not find any shoot in a mountain.

Photo courtesy of justeating

At the end of the day, organic farming methods not only change how the farmers work but also change how the farmers view their work. sioong said,


I used to think that farmers’ job is to grow rice. Now I realize that what we have planted without notice is our heart…We are the one who know the land best, because the distance between our heart and her is shortest.


1 篇留言回應

  1. 孟凱 一月 20th 2009 at 12:00 pm 1



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